Assaf Harel is an assistant professor in the department of psychology at Wright State University, where he heads the human neuroscience and visual cognition Lab. His research employs a neuroergonomic approach to establish how visual recognition occurs in real-world settings, with a particular focus on visual expertise, object and scene recognition, attention, and top-down control. He investigates the impact of observer-based factors, such as the observer’s behavioral goals and level of expertise on the nature of sensory processing and its underlying neural substrates. Harel is a former research fellow at NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health, where he specialized in fMRI research using multivariate analytical methods. He holds a PhD and MA in cognitive neuropsychology from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and a BA in psychology and mass communications from Tel Aviv University.