As you review a manuscript, focusing on the quality of the work and the presentation of the paper will help you conduct a thorough and fair assessment.
As you review, let these questions and tips drive your evaluation.
Quality of the Work
Take a close look at how the methods, results, and conclusions work together.
- Are the methods appropriate and presented in enough detail to be replicated?
- Do all of the methods have results?
- Did the author analyze, qualify, and interpret the results?
- Have all of the results been described in the methods?
- Do the data support the conclusions?
- Are all of the conclusions based on results?
Presentation of the Paper
Consider the paper’s key components to determine if it is well-organized and has an argument that progresses naturally.
- Is the style clear and concise?
- Is it grammatically correct?
- Does the title reflect the content of the manuscript?
- Is it specific?
- Does the abstract provide a brief, accurate summary?
- Does it include the aims, methods, results, and conclusions?
- Can all of the information stand alone?
- Does the abstract address the purpose of the work, the method, findings, and significance?
- Are figures justified and clear?
- Is the font proportionate to the size of the figure?
- Are the legends clear and complete?
- Can any of the tables be simplified or condensed?
- Should any tables be omitted?
Trade names, abbreviations, symbols
- Are they used correctly where they are indicated?
Article adapted from the presentation, “Reviewing — The Basics” by Toby Charkin, executive publisher at Elsevier.